Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
October 8
Can You Guess?
We read below about John Lennon, who was a member of The Beatles.  They recorded a song called Eleanor Rigby.  Can You Guess what instrument John Lennon played in Eleanor Rigby.

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What Else
1585 - Heinrich Schutz, German composer, was born.

1644 - Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer, was born.

1739 - G. F. Handel finished his Concerto Grosso in G, Op. 6, no. 4.
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1800 - Leó Festetics,  Hungarian composer, was born in Pécs.

1834 - Francois Boieldieu, French composer, died.

1865 - Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, Czech composer, died in Nice.

1903 - Premiere of Carl Nielsen's Helios Overture.

1821 - Friedrich Kiel, German composer, was born in Puderbach.

1953 - Robert Saxon,  English composer, was born in London.

1957 - Jerry Lee Lewis was in the studio to record Great Balls Of Fire.

1962 - Michael Abels, US composer, was born.

1964 - Roy Orbison had his third UK No.1 single with Oh Pretty Woman.

1968 - Tabea Zimmermann, German violist, was born.

1971 - John Lennon recorded Imagine.

- Premiere of Gyorgy Ligeti's Violin Concerto. Ensemble Moderne  with soloist Saschko Gawriloff.
Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto October 8, 1928.

Szigeti was born in Budapest, September 5, 1892. His father and uncle were both professional musicians.  He started his violin studies with them, then was placed in the advanced class of Hubay at the Budapest Academy of Music, and made his Berlin debut at age 13.
Joseph Szigeti
He made his first appearance in London when he was 15, then toured England in concerts with Busoni.  In 1909 he premiered a concerto written for him by Hamilton Harty.

Szigeti's career was interrupted by World War I,  But continued afresh in 1917 when he bacame  a professor at the conservatory in Geneva.  He remained there until 1925.

Szigeti mad his U.S. debut at Carnegie Hall, in New York City  in 1925.  He played the Beethoven Violin Concerto, accompanied by the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Stokowski..  He toured the United States regularly, while continuing to appear in Europe. 

From 1924 to 1927 he appeared in the Soviet Union eleven times.  He played the Leningrad premiere of Prokofiev's Violin Concerto No. 1 in 1924, and played it's U.S. premiere with Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra.  On October 8, 1928 Szigeti premiered
Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto in Moscow, accompained by the Persymphans.

During the 1930's Szigeti toured the Far East, Australia, New Zealand, South America, and South Aftica.  In 1938 Szigeti played the premiere of the Bloch Violin Concerto in Cleveland.

Duc to the outbreak of World War II, Szigeti left Europe and settled in the United States.  He became a U.S. citizen in 1951.  After the war he continued his international career based out of the United States, but moved back to Switzerland to teach there in 1960.

In addition to the standard repertoire, he championed the music of many 20th-century composers, including Stravinsky, Bartók, Ravel, Prokofiev, Honegger, Bloch, and Martin. He wrote the books

Szigeti died in Lucerne, Switzerland  February 19, 1973.
Violinist Joseph Szigeti plays Brahms and Bloch
Joseph Szigeti plays
Brahms Violin Concerto
Bloch Violin Concerto
Handel Concerto Grosso
Leila Josefowicz plays Ernst
Leila Josefowicz: Solo
Includes Le roi des aulnes, Op 26
by Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst
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Look inside this title
The Beatles: Lennon & McCartney - 60 Greatest Hits - Violin - sheet music at
The Beatles: Lennon & McCartney - 60 Greatest Hits - Violin Performed by The Beatles. For solo violin. Format: violin solo songbook (no accompaniment). Classic Rock, Britpop and Psychedelic Rock. 64 pages. 9x12 inches. Published by Hal Leonard. (HL.844286)
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Concerto Grossi
By Handel, Includes
Concerto Grosso in G,
Op. 6, no. 4
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Did You Guess?
No Fair, Trick Question!  The answer is NONE.  None of the Beatles played in that song.  Paul McCartney wrote the song. It is scored for 4 violins, 2 violas and 2 cellos.
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