Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
October 4
1738 - Publication of G. F. Handel's first set of 6 organ concerti transcribed for solo keyboard as op.4.

1749 - Jean Louis DuPort, French cellist composer, author of an essay on fingering and bowing and professor at the Paris Conservatory, was born.

1881 - Edward Leveaux of  England, received a patent for his player piano.

1936 - Premiere of A. Dvorak's Symphony in E-flat 32 years after he died.  It was his first symphony, composed in 1873. It was published after his death.

1955 - Larry Alan Smith, US composer, was born.

1959 - Premiere of  Shostakovich's Cello Concerto No. 1. M Rostropovich, soloist, accompanied by the Leningrad Philharmonic.  (See the CD to the Left)

1961 - Bob Dylan made his Carnegie Hall debut.

1962 - Premiere of William Schuman's Symphony No. 8 for the opening season of the NY Philharmonic at Lincoln Center.

1969 - The Beatles' Abbey Road album went to No.1 on the UK chart.

1970 - Death of American composer George Frederick McKay.

1970 - Janis Joplin, US pop singer, died of a drug overdose.
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October 4,1945 marked the first performance of Aaron Copland's orchestral suite of the Appalachian Spring ballet at Carnegie Hall.  The New York Philharmonic was conducted by Artur Rodzinski for the concert. There were performances the next day by the Boston Symphony and Cleveland Orchestra.
Aaron Copland was born Born November 14, 1900, in Brooklyn, NY.  He did not grow up in a musical family. His parents were Russian immigrants who never even went to a concert. Copland learned to play piano from an older sister. By the time he was 15 he had decided to become a composer. His first steps included a correspondence course in writing harmony.  In 1921, Copland went to Paris to attend a newly founded music school for Americans.  His teacher there was Nadia Boulanger.

After 3 years in Paris, Copland returned to the United States with a commission . . . writing a major organ work for his teacher to play during her American tour.   His
Symphony for Organ and Orchestra premiered at Carnagie Hall in 1925.

By his mid twenties his work was known by other composers.
After his return from Paris he worked with jazz rhythms in his "Piano Concerto" (1926). His "Piano Variations" (1930) was strongly influenced by Igor Stravinsky's Neoclassicism. 

Then Copland's music turned more simple.  He began to gain inspiration from American legends and folk music.  It was during this period that Copland wrote such classics as Billy the Kid and Rodeo.  He also wrote Of Mice and Men duriborrowed from American legends and folk music and incorporated them into his music. Such musical pieces include Billy the Kid.  October 4, 1945, was the premiere of Aaron Copland's orchestral suite of Appalachian Spring ballet at Carnegie Hall. It was played by the New York Philharmonic conducted by Artur Rodzinski.   He won the Pulitzer Prize for music.

After 1970 Copland stopped composing, but he continued to conduct and teach. He was very helpful and generous to other young composers, often promoting their music along with his own. Because Copland had a habit of composing at night with the help of his noisy piano, he had to move several times.

December 2, 1990 in Westchester, NY
Aaron Copland at Amazon
Aaron Copland
Shostakovich Cello Concerto and Violin Concerto
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Copland's Music at Amazon
Copland conducted by Bernstein
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We read about the player piano below,  In 1908 the Hupfeld company of Leipzig produced an instrument that created quite a stir. Can You Guess what was special about this instrument?

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Violinists Rule Hooded Sweat Shirt
Violinists Rule
Tn The Hood!
Violin Mouse Pads
Circle of Keys Magnet
Great Stocking Stuffers
(Click the Images)
Did You Guess?
The Phonlizst-Violina was developed by the Hupfeld company of Leipzig and when it first appeared in 1908, it caused a sensation!   It consisted of a piano on which you could accompany the 3 violins which played automatically.  See the picture to the left!