Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
October 20
Can You Guess?
Frederick Stock studied music with Engelbert Humperdinck.  Humperdinck wrote an opera that involved two children who ate something they probably shouldn't have, and almost had a hot time before they got away.  Can you Guess the names of the children?

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What Else
1842 - Debut of  Wagner's Rienzi at Dresden Opera House.

1860 - Debut of Johannes Brahms' String Sextet No. 1 in Bb, Op. 18, by violinist Joseph Joachim and ensemble.

1874 - Charles Ives, American composer and insurance, was born in CT.

1877 - Debut of Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony.

1906 - Alfredo Campoli, Italian - English violinist, was born.

1913 - Angelo Ephrikian, Italian composer, violinist and conductor, was born.

1925 - Birth of composer Herman Roelstraete.

1950 - Debut of Howard Hanson's Pastorale for Solo Oboe, Strings and Harp, with oboist Marcel Tabuteau.

1952 - Debut of Peter Mennin's Concertato Moby Dick for orchestra.

1955 - Thomas Montgomery Newton, American film score composer, was born.

1958 - Debut of Alan Hovhaness' Meditation on Orpheus. Houston Symphony, Leopold Stokowski conducted.

1962 - Peter, Paul and Mary went to #1 on US album chart with their self-titled album

1977 - Violinist Leila Bronia Josefowicz was born.  Click the widget to hear her play!
Frederick Stock was born November 11, 1872, Juelich, Germany.

Stock's father was a bandmaster in the German army, became Stock's first music teacher.  His first instrument was the violin. When he was 14, Stock won a scholarship to the Cologne Conservatory, where he studied theory and composition under Engelbert Humperdinck, Franz Wuellner, and Gustav Jensen.
Upon his graduation in 1887, Stock joined the Cologne Orchestra and played under conductors such as Johannes Brahms, Peter Tchaikovsky, and Richard Strauss. During this time, he met Theodore Thomas and accepted his invitation to come to America to play with the Chicago Orchestra (which would later become the Chicago Symphony). Four years later, Stock became Thomas's assistant.
Harry Potter
Frederick Stock
1872 - 1942
Milstein conducted by Frederick Stock
Schnabel conducted by Frederick Stock
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When Theodore Thomas died in January 1905, Stock was made acting conductor, while the Orchestral Association searched for a permanent replacement.  Under Stock, the orchestra premiered his symphonic poem Eines Menschenlebens Morgen, Mittag und Abend (A person's lifetime: morning, noon, and evening). The work was dedicated to Thomas and the Orchestra.
On April 11, 1905, the trustees of the Orchestral Association unanimously voted to make Stock conductor.  They changed the name of the orchestra to "The Theodore Thomas Orchestra." (In February 1913, the name was changed to the "Chicago Symphony Orchestra," in the belief that it would be easier to solicit funds if the orchestra bore the name of the community.)

In 1911, the orchestra began performing at Ravinia Park. It has performed there regularly since the Ravinia Festival was established in 1936. On May 1, 1916, Stock and the Orchestra recorded Mendelssohn's Wedding March from the Incidental Music to A Midsummer Night's Dream in the Columbia Studios in New York City; making the Chicago Symphony Orchestra became the first American orchestra to record commercially under its regular conductor.

In 1919 Frederick Stock inaugurated a regular subscription series of youth concerts.  He also founded the Civic Orchestra of Chicago, to serve as a training orchestra. He also further developed the Popular Concert series, which featured a wide range of music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker to Wagnerian overtures and Strauss waltzes.

During the 1940-41 season Stock commissioned Stravinsky's Symphony in C, Milhaud's Symphony no. 1, Miaskovsky's Symphony no. 21, Harris's American Creed, Kodaly's Concerto for Orchestra, Gliere's Fete Ferghanaise Overture, Casella's Symphony no. 3, and Walton's Scapino Overture to celebrate the orchestra's its fiftieth anniversary.

October 20, 1942, shortly after the start of the orchestra's fifty-second season, Frederick Stock died unexpectedly.  He had been well-loved in Chicago, and had become known as the orchestra's "second father."
Did You Guess?
Hansel and Gretel.
Hansel and Gretel.  Click Here for Sound Samples
1983 - Debut of Gian Carlo Menotti's Double-Bass Concerto. James VanDemark, soloist.
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