Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
January 14
Can You Guess?
We read that Schweitzer startetd a leprosarium. Can You Guess what a leprosarium is? (No, it's not an aquarium for leopard fish).

Go to the Bottom of the Pager for the Answer.
What Else
1738 - Premiere of George F. Handel's opera Faramondo.

1785 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed Dissonantenkwartet, opus 10.

1900 - Premiere of Puccini's opera Tosca at the Teatro Constanzi, in Rome.

1911 - George Amadee Tremblay, Canadian-American twelve-tone composer, was born.

1914 - Premiere of Igor Stravinsky's Three Japanese Lyrics at the Salle Erard in Paris.

1925 - Premiere of Alban Berg's atonal opera Wozzeck.

1932 - Premiere of Ravel's Piano Concerto in G, Ravel conducting, Marguerite Long soloist.

1934 - Premiere of George Gershwin's I Got Rhythm Variations for piano and orchestra.

1953 - Premiere of Ralph Vaughan Williams's Sinfonia Antartica.

1960 - Premiere of Paul Creston's Violin Concerto No. 1.

1964 - Premiere of Quincy Porter's Symphony No. 2.

1998 - Premiere of Michael Torke's Brick Symphony. San Francisco Symphony.

1999 - Garth Brooks appeared on Sesame Street. He sang a song called Together We Make Music.
Albert Schweitzer was born January 14, 1875.  For generations his family had been devoted to religion and music. His father and maternal grandfather were ministers; both of his grandfathers were talented organists.

Schweitzer began music studies early.  By age 9 he was already performing in his father's church.

In 1893, Schweitzer entered the University of Srasbourg, from which he earned a doctorate in philosophy in 1899.  That year he began preaching at St. Nicholas Church in Strasbourg.  From 1901 to 1912 he served in various high ranking administrative posts in the Theological College of St.Thomas (the college he had attended at the University of Strasbourg). During this time he published The Quest of the Historical Jesus, a book on which much of his fame as a theological scholar rests.

Schweitzer decided that he needed to go to Africa, and decided that he would be more effective as a medical missionary than as a pastor.  In 1905 he began the study of medicine at the University of Strasbourg. In 1913, having obtained his medical degree, he founded his hospital at Lambaréné in French Equatorial Africa, but in 1917 he and his wife were sent to a French internment camp as prisoners of war. After his release, in 1918, Schweitzer, returned to his old church in Europe.  There he gave lectures and concerts and continued his medical studies.  

Schweitzer returned to Lambaréné in 1924, and spent most of the remainder of his life there. With the funds earned from his own royalties and personal appearance fees, and with monies donated from all parts of the world, he expanded the hospital to seventy buildings.  By the early 1960's, the facility could take care of over 500 patients in residence at any one time.

Besides the Goethe Prize of Frankfurt and honorary doctorates from many universities emphasizing one or another of his achievements, Schweitzer was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952, having been withheld in that year, was given to him on December 10, 1953. With the $33,000 prize money, he started the leprosarium at Lambaréné.

Albert Schweitzer died on September 4, 1965, and was buried at Lambaréné.
Albert Schweitzer
From the time he was a young man, Schweitzer was internationally recognized as a concert organist.  He used the money he earned from concerts for his education and for the hospital he would later found in Africa.  He wrote books on Johann Sebastian Bach and on organ construction.  Schweitzer remained a concert organist well into his eighties.
Albert Schweitzer
Albert Schweitzer
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Schweitzer Plays Bach
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Young Schweitzer Autobiography
Did You Guess?
A leprosarium is a hospital where they treat people who have the disease leprosy.  Here is the Web Site for the Hospital. And Here is a GREAT Albert Schweitzer page for more research.
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