Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
December 20
Can You Guess?
I mention Edward P Mascari below.  He wrote Meet the Orchestra in 1995. Another piece often used to teach kids about orchestras uses a boy, his grandfather, animals, and some hunters to introduce the instruments.  Can You Guess what instrument plays the part of the birds?

Look at the Bottom of the Page for the Answer.
What Else
1721 - Premiere of G. F. Handel's opera Floridante.

1764 - Swiss author and composer Jean Jacques Rousseau finished his music dictionary.

1775 - Mozart finished his 5th Violin Concerto, Turkish, K. 219, he later performed it as solist, in Salzburg.

1823 - Premiere of Schubert's opera Rosamunde.

1879 - Premiere of  Tchaikovsky's Orchestral Suite No. 1, in Moscow.

1886 - Premiere of J. Brahms' Piano Trio No. 3 in c, Op. 101, in Budapest.

1905 - Premiere of Glazunov's Symphony No 3 by The Russian Symphony Orchestra, in NYC.

1915 - Conducting debut of Igor Stravinsky conducting his Firebird Ballet Suite.

1928 - Premiere of Ernest Bloch's symphonic rhapsody America by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.

1934 - Premiere of Ernst Toch's Big Ben. By Boston Symphony Orchestra.

1938 - Birth of American composer and conductor John Harbison.

1949 - Birth of American composer Edward P. Mascari in Paterson, NJ.

1962 - The Osmond Brothers appeared on NBC-TV's "Andy Williams Show" for the first time.  Marie joined the group in 1963, the year Jimmy was born.

1982 - Death of Polish-born American pianist Artur Rubinstein, at age 95.

2002 - Premiere of Rodion Shchedrin's The Enchanted Wanderer for vocalists, chorus and orchestra. New York Choral Artists and New York Philharmonic, Lorin Maazel conducting.
In 1894, Hadley went to Vienna to study with musicologist Eusebius Mandyczewski, who had produced editions of the works of Schubert, Beethoven, Haydn, Brahms and Caldera.
In 1900 Hadley made his conducting debut. Seeking to perfect his condcuting technique, Hadley returned to Europe in 1906, and studied with Ludwig Thuille.  Thuille introduced Hadley to the music of Reger, Mahler and Richard Strauss. He also guest-conducted orchestras in Berlin, Warsaw and at the Stadttheater in Mainz.

In 1909 Hadley became conductor of the Seattle Symphony Orchestra. In 1911 he became the first conductor of the San Francisco Symphony.  In 1915 Hadley left his post in San Francisco to pursue composition full-time.  He did return to the podium from time to time as guest conductor for such organizations as the London Symphony and Boston Symphony.  1920-27 Hadley was associate conductor of the New York Philharmonic Society.  In 1929 he formed the Manhattan Symphony Orchestra.  In these posts he introduced many of his own compositions, and became a strong supporter of other American composers, whose works had not gained favor with American critics who believed that European music was much more worthy of performance.

Hadley died September 6, 1937.

Was Hadley important in American music?  Here is a partial list of his accomplishments.
*He composed the first original, synchronized score for a motion picture.
*His opera, Cleopatra's Night, was the first American opera performed more than one season at the Metropolitan Opera.
*He was also the first American to conduct an opera at the Metropolitan Opera.
*He was the first American engaged as Music Director of a prominent American symphony orchestra.
*He was the first American to conduct the Concertgebouw Orchestra, Berlin Philharmonic and other major orchestras in England, Germany, France, Argentina and Japan.
*He was one of the founders of the Berkshire Music Festival (later known as Tanglewood). He conducted the first season's programs . . . 3 concerts attended by 10,000 people. The orchestra was the New York Philharmonic.

He wrote 5 symphonies, operas, operettas, incidental music, musicals, ballet suites, band pieces, overtures, tone poems, cantatas, hymns, oratorios, anthems, choral pieces, string quartets, a piano quintet, piano pieces, and many songs. After his death, Hadley's music fell out of favor with listeners due to changing tastes.
Henry Kimball Hadley was born in Somerville, Massachusetts, on December 20, 1871. His father taught music in the Somerville public schools, and Hadley received his first music lessons from him. Hadley also studied violin under Henry Heindl and Charles Allen, harmony under Stephen A. Emery, and counterpoint and composition with George W. Chadwick. By age twenty-one Hadley had composed a string quartet, and a dramatic overture for orchestra.
Henry Kimball Hadley
Mozart Violin Concertos
Concerto No. 5 in A major K219
violin & piano
Concerto No. 5 in A major K219 for violin & piano by W.A.Mozart sheet music download
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Music Minus One
So You Can Play
With an Orchestra
Violin Concerto No. 5
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Did You Guess?
In Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf the part of the birds is played by the flute.

Here's a Good Peter and the Wolf Page.
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