Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
April 22
Did You Guess?
J. S. Bach fathered twenty children!  Three of them (C.P.E Bach, Wilhelm Friedman Bach, and Johann Christian Bach) became composers!

Did you see the Color Clue? (XX Roman Numeral for 20)
Can You Guess?
We read below of Johann Sebastian Bach.  He had an e
xxtra large family.  Can You Guess how many children he fathered?

See the bottom of the page for the Answer.
1658 – Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer, was born.

1723 - J. S. Bach became music director/cantor at St. Thomas Church in Liepzig. He was their third choice.

1776 - Johann Adolf Scheibe, German composer, died.

1858 – Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette, was born.

1868 - José Vianna da Motta, Spanish composer, was born.

1872 – Arthur Farwell, US composer, was born.

1885 - Premiere of Antonin Dvorák's Symphony No. 7. Royal Philharmonic conducted by the composer.

1892 -  Edouard Lalo, French composer, died in Paris, age 69.

1925 - André Caplet, French composer, died in Paris.

1926 - Robert Hall Lewis, US composer, was born in Portland ME.

1927 - Premiere of Roger Sessions' Symphony No. 1 in e. Boston Symphony with Serge Koussevitzky conducted.

1932 – Michael Colgrass, US composer, was born in Chicago.

1938 - Premiere of Leo Sowerby's Organ Concerto. Boston Symphony, Serge Koussevitzky conducting.

1966 - "Wild Thing" by the British band the Troggs was released in the U.S.

1967 - Premiere of Alan Hovhannes's The Travelers.

1969 - Premiere of Peter Maxwell Davies' Eight Songs for a Mad King in London.

1978 - John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd made their first appearance as The Blues Brothers

1999 - Premiere of George Harbison's Four Psalms.

2001 - Final performance of Philharmonica Hungarica in Düsseldorf. Founded by Hungarian musicians who fled to West Germany after Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956. Hungarian-American conductor Antal Dorati was honorary president.
Yehudi Menuhin was born April 22, 1916 in New York City.  In 1918 the family moved to San Francisco.  When Yehudi was five he began studying the violin with Sigmund Anker, and he gave his first performance that same year.

As a child I was impelled to the violin, it seemed to respond to a desire for self expression. The violin ... is part nearly of the body, vibrates with it … the tone is something which you make alone, it is flexible, it is something intimate … it is something mysterious … (From a 1955 BBC interview.)

Yehudi Menuhin
What Else
"The violinist is that peculiarly human phenomenon distilled to a rare potency-half tiger, half poet."

               --Yehudi Menuhin
When Persinger moved to New York the Menuhin family followed.   He gave a recital at the Manhattan Opera House in 1926.  That same year Persinger directed the San Francisco Orchestra and Yehudi played solo in a performance of Lalo’s Symphonie Espagnole.

In 1927 Menuhin made his Paris début in 2 concerts with the Lamoureux Orchestra.  He again played Lalo’s Symphonie Espagnole, but also played Tchaikovsky’s Violin Concerto He also started lessons with Enescu in Paris and Romania.

By 1928 Yehudi was making recordings for Victor.
Edouard Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole - sheet music at Edouard Lalo: Symphonie Espagnole Composed by Edouard Lalo (1823-1892), edited by Yehudi Menuhin. Set of performance parts (includes separate pull-out violin part) for violin and piano. Opus 21. With solo part and piano reduction. 44 pages. Published by C.F. Peters. (PE.P03797a)
See more info...
In 1923 Menuhin began studying with Louis Persinger, concertmaster of the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, and he made his first public performance the next year.  Yehudi played Bériot’s Scène de Ballet, with Persinger accompanying him on the piano.
Yehudi Menuhin, Age 9
Yehudi Menuhin Mug
Yehudi Menuhin Quote Mug
"The violinist must possess the poet's gift of piercing the protective hide which grows on propagandists, stockbrokers and slave traders, to penetrate the deeper truth which lies within."

Also Available With Quote
"I can only think of music as something inherent in every human being - a birthright. Music coordinates mind, body and spirit."

Click Here
Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole
Download Sheet Music for Symphonie Espagnole to Your Computer.
Mothers Day Gifts
Some Mother's Day Gift Suggestions
for Your Violinist Mom or the
Mom of a Violinist!
Until 1928 Menuhin played on a borrowed Guadagnini a borrowed Guarnerius, but when Menuhin was 12 years old, Henry Goldman, a friend, offered him any violin of his choice. Menuhin chose a Stradivarius - the 'Prince Khevenhueller,' along with a Tourte bow.
In 1929 Menuhin went to Basel where he began studies with  Adolf Busch.  On April 12, 1929 he gave his first concert in Berlin, where he played three violin concertos - Bach, Beethoven and Brahms. Albert Einstein was in the audience and afterwards rushed up to Menuhin exclaiming: "Now I know there is a God in heaven."

With that talent and the ability to move listeners, Menuhin's career only skyrocketed from there.

After Lalo conducted a 1932 performance of his Symphonie Espagnole he commented, “The way that boy plays my concerto is amazing.”  In 1937 he gave the US première of the Violin Concerto by Schumann.  In 1943 Menuhin met and played for Bartók.  He commissioned a violin sonata.  When he played the piece for the composer Bartók said, “I did not think that music could be played like that until long after the composer was dead”

Among Menuhin's accomplishments were
- Played for inaugural United Nations assembly in San Francisco
- World première of Walton's Violin and Piano Sonata
- Concert tour of India in aid of Famine Relief, where he heard sitar player Ravi Shankar and met yoga teacher BKS Iyengar
- Established the Bath Festival Orchestra
- Established Yehudi Menuhin School in London.
- President of International Music Council, UNESCO (for three successive terms
- Established Portsmouth International String Quartet Competition
- Performed at Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, USA
- Received a Kennedy Center Honor in 1986

In 1996 Menuhin turned 80 years old.  That year he conducted 110 concerts.

Active until the end, Yehudi Menuhin died March 12, 1999 while on tour with the Sinfonia Varsovia.