Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
TODAY IS
September 5
Can You Guess?
Below we learn about Prokofiev's Piano Concerto #2.  Prokofiev also wrote Peter and the Wolf.  The strings play the part of Peter.  Can You Guess what instrument plays the duck?

Go to the Bottom of the Page for the Answer.
What Else
Happened
Today?
1871 - Birth of American violinist Theodore Spiering. Founded the Spiering Quartet, founder of the NY Philharmonic.

1912 - Birth of American avant-garde composer John Cage in Los Angeles.

1913 - First performance of Prokofiev's Piano Concerto No. 2 in Pavlovsk, with the composer soloist. Manuscript lost in a fire during the 1917 Russian Revolution. Prokofiev reconstructed the work from his sketches and the second version premiered in Paris May 8, 1924.

1942 - First performance of Prokofiev's String Quartet No. 2 in F, Op. 92 by the Beethoven Quartet.

1987 - American Bandstand, hosted by Dick Clark, was canceled after 30 years on television.

2000 - First performance of Osvaldo Golijov's La Pasión Según San Marcos 'St. Matthew Passion' by the orchestra of the International Bach Academy and the Schola Cantorum de Caracas, Maria Guinand, conducting in Stuttgart, Germany. Commissioned by the International Bach Academy honoring Bach on the 250th anniversary of his death.
September 5, 1892, violinist Joseph Szigeti was born in Budapest.

Szigeti's father and uncle were both professional musicians.  He started his violin studies with them, then was placed in the advanced class of Hubay at the Budapest Academy of Music, and made his Berlin debut at age 13.
Joseph Szigeti
1892-1973
He made his first appearance in London when he was 15, then toured England in concerts with Busoni.  In 1909 he premiered a concerto written for him by Hamilton Harty.

Szigeti's career was interrupted by World War I,  But continued afresh in 1917 when he bacame  a professor at the conservatory in Geneva.  He remained there until 1925.

Szigeti made his U.S. debut at Carnegie Hall, in New York City  in 1925.  He played the Beethoven Violin Concerto, accompanied by the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Stokowski..  He toured the United States regularly, while continuing to appear in Europe. 

From 1924 to 1927 he appeared in the Soviet Union eleven times.  He played the Leningrad premiere of Prokofiev's Violin Concerto No. 1 in 1924, and played it's U.S. premiere with Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra.  On October 8, 1928 Szigeti premiered
Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto in Moscow, accompained by the Persymphans.

During the 1930's Szigeti toured the Far East, Australia, New Zealand, South America, and South Aftica.  In 1938 Szigeti played the premiere of the Bloch Violin Concerto in Cleveland.

Duc to the outbreak of World War II, Szigeti left Europe and settled in the United States.  He became a U.S. citizen in 1951.  After the war he continued his international career based out of the United States, but moved back to Switzerland to teach there in 1960.

In addition to the standard repertoire, he championed the music of many 20th-century composers, including Stravinsky, Bartók, Ravel, Prokofiev, Honegger, Bloch, and Martin. He wrote the books
WITH STRINGS ATTACHED (1947), A VIOLINIST'S NOTEBOOK (1965), and SZIGETI ON THE VIOLIN: IMPROVISATIONS ON A VIOLINIST'S THEMES (1969).

Szigeti died in Lucerne, Switzerland  February 19, 1973.
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Violinist Joseph Szigeti plays Brahms and Bloch
Joseph Szigeti plays
Brahms Violin Concerto
Bloch Violin Concerto
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Peter
Peter and the Wolf
Good Introduction to
Classical Music and
the Instruments

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Did You Guess?
In Peter and the Wolf, the duck is played by the oboe.  (Did you see the C
olor Clues?)

Here is a link to a great Peter and the Wolf Page.
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