Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
TODAY IS
October 12
Can You Guess?
We see the harp concerto premiere in 2000.  Can You Guess how many strings a concert grand harp has?

Go to the Bottom of the Page for the Answer.
What Else
Happened
Today?
1742 - Handel completes his oratorio Samson.

1848 - Alwina Valleria, first American singer to appear at the Metropolitan Opera, was born.

1872 - Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer and conductor, was born.

1880 - Healey Willan, English composer, was born.

1907 - Wolfgang Fortner, German composer, was born.

1910 - Premiere of Ralph Vaughan Williams's A Sea Symphony with text by Walt Whitman.

1924 - Premiere of Mahler's unfinished Symphony No. 10. (1st and 3rd movements). Vienna Philharmonic.

1930 - Jack Gottlieb, American composer, was born.

1931 - Premiere of Rachmaninoff's Variations on a Theme of Corelli aka 'La Folia'. Rachmaninoff was pianist, in Montréal.

1935 - Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor, was born in Modena.

1956 - Sergio Parotti,  Argentinian composer and violist, was born.

1974 - John Denver went to No.1 on the UK singles chart with Annie's Song.

1984 - Premiere of Ellen Taaffe Zwilich's Celebration for orchestra.

1997 - John Denver was killed when the light aircraft he was piloting crashed.

1998 - Premiere of Philip Glass's opera The Voyage.

2000 - Premiere of Einojuhani Rautavaara's Harp Concerto. Kathy Kienzel and the Minnesota Orchestra.

 
Did You Guess?
A concert grand harp stands over 6 feet tall, has 7 pedals, and covers 6 octaves with its 47 strings!
Winning the Carl Flesch competition launched an international career.  As a soloist Gruenberg appeared with all major British orchestras.  His repertoire includes the classic pieces as well as a variety of more contemporary music.  His work did not only include classical contemporary pieces.  If you look carefully at the credits for  the Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, you will see Gruenberg's name listed.  He was a member of the orchestra ensemble that performed on such tracks as She's Leaving Home and A Day in the Life.

He has commissioned many new works from Britain and abroad and has given many World-Premiere performances.  He has recorded for labels such as EMI, Decca, Argo, Chandos, L'Oiscau Lyre, Hyperion, Hungaroton, CRD and Lyrita, is a notable recording of Beethoven's Violin Concerto with the Philharmonia Orchestra. He also recorded an album of Kreisler pieces with the same orchestra, and the first recording by a British artist of the complete Beethoven violin and piano sonatas, with pianist David Wilde.

Gruenberg has also pursued an active academic career. He is a professor at the Royal Academy of Music and presents master classes around the world. In 1998 he was asked to serve as chairman of the jury and artistic panel of the 1998 Yehudi Menuhin International Competition for young violinists in France. In 2000, he formed the Erich Gruenberg String Soloists Ensemble, which made its debut performance in London. In recognition of his continuing services to music, Erich Gruenberg was awarded the O.B.E. in 1994.

Erich Gruenberg resides in London

Erich Gruenberg
1924-
Erich Gruenberg was born October 12, 1924 in the city of Vienna, Austria.  He began his violin studies there, and later moved to Jerusalem, where he continued his studies at the Jerusalem Conservatoire.

At the age of 22, Gruenberg left Israel and moved to England.  In 1947 he entered the
Carl Flesch International Competition in London.   This competition began in 1945.  It was open to all violinists, regardless of nationality, under the age of 30.  The final competition took place in 1992. Gruenberg won the 1947 competition.
October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus and his crew sighted the land in the Bahamas.  The next day, the 90 crew members of Christopher Columbus's three-ship fleet ventured onto the Bahamian island of Guanahaní, ending a voyage  that started nearly ten weeks earlier in Palos, Spain.
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