|Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
|1724 - Premiere of J. S. Bach's Sacred Cantata No. 115 Mache dich, mein Geist, bereit.
1846 - Debut of Schumann's Second Symphony in C, conducted by Felix Mendelssohn at The Gewandhaus in Leipzig.
1882 - Birth of American violinist and composer Carl Ellis Epp. Founded orchestra in Terre Haute, IN.
1887 - Birth of Austrian pianist Paul Wittgenstein in Vienna. He lost his right arm in World War I and became left-handed virtuoso. Ravel wrote a one-handed piano concerto for him!
1929 - American debut of cellist Gregor Piatigorsky .
1936 - Sir John Barbirolli conducted the New York Philharmonic Society Orchestra for the first time.
1995 - "The Wizard of Oz in Concert" (see CD at left) took place for the Children's Defense Fund. The concert featured Jackson Browne as the Scarecrow, Roger Daltrey as the Tin Man, Nathan Lane as the Cowardly Lion and Jewel as Dorothy.
Did You Guess?
Before becoming an actress, Margaret (Wicked Witch of the West) was a kindergarten teacher.
|Vladimir Horowitz was born in Berdichev in what is now Ukraine on October 1, 1903. His first piano lessons came from his mother, who was herself a professional pianist. In 1912 he entered the Kiev Conservatory, leaving in 1919, and playing the third piano concerto of Rachmaninoff at his graduation. His first solo recital followed in 1920.|
|Horowitz soon began to tour Russia. His first appearance outside Russia came in 1926, when he gave a performance in Berlin. He later played in Paris, London and New York City, and it was in the United States that he eventually settled in 1940. He became a United States citizen in 1944.
In 1932 he played for the first time with the conductor Arturo Toscanini in a performance of Beethoven's Emperor Concerto (Piano Concerto No. 5). The two became friends, and performed many times together. In fact, in 1933, Horowitz married Wanda Toscanini, the conductor's daughter.
Despite receiving excellent reviews and acclaim from his audience, Horowitz became increasingly unsure of his abilities as a pianist. He withdrew from public performances on several occasions. His wife was the calming influence that allowed him to play at times. After 1970 he rarely performed in public.
Despite his reluctance to perform in public at times, Horowitz made many recordings. He started in 1928 upon his arrival in the United States and recorded until shortly before his death in 1989. After 1953, when Horowitz went into retirement, he made a number of acclaimed recordings at home, including discs of Alexander Scriabin and Muzio Clementi.
In 1962, Horowitz began recording for Columbia Records. These became his most famous, with his 1965 return concert at Carnegie Hall and his 1968 performance from his television special, Horowitz on TV, which featured Scriabin's D# minor Etude and Horowitz's own Variations on a Theme from Carmen, Bizet's opera. He was also famous for his rendition of Sousa's Stars and Stripes Forever.
After another brief retirement from 1982 until 1985, Horowitz returned to recording and occasional concertizing. In 1986, Horowitz returned to the Soviet Union, performing in Leningrad and Moscow. This concert was recorded and released, entitled Horowitz in Moscow.
Vladimir Horowitz died of a heart attack November 5, 1989 in New York City. He was buried in the Toscanini family tomb in Cimitero Monumentale, Milan, Italy.
|Can You Guess
We read about a concert performance of The Wizard of Oz a little further down the page. In the movie Margaret Hamilton played the evil Wicked Witch of the West. Can You Guess what job Margaret Hamilton had before becoming an actress
Go to the Bottom of the Page fof the Answer
|Click the Picture of Dorothy and the Wicked Witch to see a Wonderful
3-Disc DVD set at Amazon.
Highly Recommended for you
. . . and your little dog, too!
and the Violin!
Start Practicing Now
and WOW 'em for the
|Outstanding Modern Christmas Music
"I found the music and accompanyment to be excellent. Piano accompaniment was wonderful counterpoint to the violin solo. Key was true to the recording so you can play with the orchestra. I highly recommend this for someone who would enjoy more interesting holiday music. A few pieces were high on the e-string but can easily be transposed to lower octaves."
-- Bill Stieritz from Redondo Beach, CA, January 11, 2003
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