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Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
March 1
Can You Guess?
We read of Schubert's being taught music by Salieri while boy.  You may recognize that name.  He had contact with another composer we've discussed, who also died very young.  Can You Guess (he asked with a twinkle in his eye) who that composer was?

Look at the Bottom of the Page for the Answer.
What Else
1743 - Premiere of Handel's oratorio Samson and possibly the Organ Concerto Op. 7, no. 2, in London.

1764 - Jeremiah Ingalls,  American composer, was born in Andover, MA.

1810 - Frederick Chopin, Polish composer, was born in Zelazowa Wola near Warsaw.

1914 - Tor Aulin, Swedish violinist and conductor, died in Stockholm. Brother of composer Laura Valborg.

1914 - First complete performance of Stravinsky's Petrouchka under Monteux in Paris.

1950 - Public premiere of Prokofiev's Cello Sonata, Op. 119 at the Moscow Conservatory, by cellist Mstislav Rostropovich and pianist Sviatoslav Richter. There was a private performance by the same artists at the House of the Union of Composers on December 6, 1949.

1990 - Janet Jackson began her first concert tour, the Rhythm Nation World Tour 1990.
Franz Peter Schubert
1797 - 1828
Franz Schubert's Quintet for
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Franz Schubert completed his Octet for Strings and Winds, Op 166 on March 1, 1824.

Schubert was born January 31, 1797 in Vienna, Austria.  He was the son of a middle-class teacher who expected his son  to follow in his career. Franz's musical gift was recognized early, and while still a boy he sang in the Imperial Court Chapel Choir where his teacher was Salieri  But after his voice broke, Franz followed his father's wishes and took a teaching position.
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Even though he was a teacher, Franz spent a great deal of his spare time composing. By 1818 Schubert had given up teaching full-time so that he could devote himself to composing, although he did occasionally earn money teaching.

One of his brief teaching positions was to provide lessons to the daughters of Count Esterhazy in Hungary.  Some time prior to Schubert's arrival the Count had employed Franz Joseph Haydn.

Schubert was a short, plump short-sighted man.  Everything we know about him indicates that he was quiet and private.  That is not to say that he was not a skilled musician.  In fact, Schubert was quite accomplished on both the piano and violin, but he was certainly not the sort of virtuoso performer or flamboyant conductor who could easily promote his own work in public.  In fact, many of Schubert's orchestral works were never performed publicly, and therefore only his chamber music and songs became known . . . and they were played in smaller social gatherings. This lack of significant publication and public performance meant that Schubert never earned a great deal of money with his music.

Schubert was not completely ignored, though.  In fact, over the years a small, but extremely loyal following developed.  These people did whatever they could to promote Schubert and his music.  This circle of friends included fellow musicians and socialites who attended gatherings known as "Schubertiads" since they focused on Schubert and his music. It is said that Schubert's brother stepped in on several occasions to provide financial support.  The baritone Johann Vogl became extremely fond of Schubert's songs.  He became known for singing them on many occasions.  The result was that many of Schubert's songs actually did become well known.  And that did amount to quite something since Schubert wrote more than 600 songs!

Schubert was a great admirer of Ludwig van Beethoven.  In fact the two knew one another, and Schubert visited him.  Beethoven died March 26, 1827, and Schubert was among those chosen to be a torch-bearer at the funeral.

Unfortunately ill-health overtook Schubert when he was still quite young.  Syphilis and typhoid fever, both of which were very common at the time,  led to Schubert's death at the age of 31, on November 19, 1828 in Vienna, Austria.  Schubert was buried very close to Beethoven.
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Did You Guess?
Salieri and Mozart were at court together in Vienna.  As a matter of fact there was at one time a rumor that Salieri murdered Mozart, but this was completely unfounded.
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