Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
TODAY IS
June 9
What Else
Happened
Today?
1810 - Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai, German composer, was born. The founder of the Vienna Philharmonic.

1865 - Carl August Nielsen, US composer,  was born.  

1891 - Cole Porter, US popular music composer, was born in Peru, IN.

1902 - Premiere of Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 3, at the Festival of the Allgemeiner Deutsche Musikverein, with the composer conducting.

1912 - Premiere of Igor Starvinsky's four-hand piano version of the score for The Rite of Spring at a private performance in Bellevue, France.  The Ballet Russe would premiere it the next year in Paris,  Soloists were Claude Debussy and Stravinsky.

1940 - Premiere of Aaron Copland's Our Town orchestral suite from the film score, on CBS radio network.

1951 - Premiere of Franz Joseph Haydn´s opera Orpheus and Eurydice at the Teatro della Pergola in Florence. Composed in 1791 for performance in London, it was not performed during his lifetime.

2004 - The centenary of the London Symphony Orchestra's first concert on June 9, 1904. The anniversary festivities featured performances of Britten's Peter Grimes.
Hugo Kauder
1888-1972
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Bernstein Conducts Mahler Symphony 3 and Lieder
Can You Guess?
Copland is famous for many works, but one of his most famous is a fanfare dedicated to an unusual, but usual subject.  Can You Guess to whom the fanfare is dedicated?

Go to the Bottom of the Page for the Answer
Did You Guess?
Aaron Copland's
Fanfare for the Common Man can be heard by clicking this link.

Did you see the c
olor clues?
These lessons were Hugo Kauder's only formal training in music, everything else being self-taught.

Kauder moved to Vienna In 1905 to attend engineering school, but he spent a great deal of time in the Imperial Court Library studying musical scores of the standard works as well as the newly published collection of works of Flemish composers of the 15th and 16th Centuries.

From 1911 to 1917 Hugo Kauder played violin in the Wiener Tonkuenstler Orchester under such conductors as Ferdinand Loewe, Franz Schalk, Nikisch and Richard Strauss. Willem Valkner, a horn player, joined the orchestra in 1912.  Their frinedship would inspire Kauder to compose many pieces featuring the horn.

Kauder joined the Gottesmann Quartet in 1917 as violist. He remained there until 1922.

For the rest of his life, in Vienna as well as later in New York, Kauder was self-employed in composing and teaching violin, music theory, and composition.  He also conducted a chorus and a chamber music ensemble made up of students, family and friends, studying and performing the classics as well as his own compositions. Notable musicians such as the Gottesmann, Sedlak-Winkler, Rose, and Kolbe string quartets performed Kauder's music.

Following the Nazi takeover of Austria, Hugo Kauder left Vienna in December 1938 and eventually made his way to New York via Holland and England.  Hugo Kauder made his home in New York from 1940 until his death in 1972, while spending most summers in Europe from 1955 on.

At times Kauder had trouble getting his work published, so he investigated and used a variety of reproduction techniques.  In Vienna he used hectography,  whereby a manuscript written in a heavy and greasy ink was applied to a clay mass held in a frame to produce a negative image as the clay mass quite cleanly absorbed the ink from the manuscript. A limited number of copies could then be printed on paper brought into contact with the negative.  Later, in New York, he adopted the system of writing his manuscripts on transparent staff paper with India ink to provide master sheets that could be reproduced in unlimited quantities by the blueprint process and by photocopying machines when these became available.

In the United States, Hugo Kauder benefited from resumed contacts with Siegmund Levarie, who had been his student in Vienna and had emigrated to the United States in 1937 and became professor of music at the University of Chicago.

Hugo Kauder won a Fromm Foundation award in 1953.  The foundation sponsored the publication of two works by Boosey and Hawkes, the 1947 Trio for Violin, Horn and Piano dedicated to Willem Valkenier and the 1951 setting of 10 poems by James Joyce for three voices and string quartet dedicated to Norma and Siegmund Levarie.

Hugo Kauder's book Counterpoint: An Introduction to Polyphonic Composition, was published by Macmillan in 1960 and one on harmony (ENTWURF EINER NEUEN MELODIE- UND HARMONIELEHRE,  a new theory of melody and harmony) published by Universal Edition in 1932.  He also wrote numerous essays and reviews on the history of music, individual performances, and events in the lives of prominent musicians.

Click here to see information on the Kauder Competition for String Quartets.
Hugo Kauder, Czech violinist, composer and pedagogue, was born June 9, 1888  in Tobitschau, Tovasov Moravia in what is now the Czech Republic.  His father was principal of the German language elementary school (separate from the Czech language school). As a boy, Hugo received  violin lessons from the local teacher, who eventually dismissed him when he had "taught him everything he knew."
Volume 112 - Cole Porter -
For singers, vocalists, drums, bass, guitar, flute, clarinet, violin, viola, piano, keyboard, organ, saxophone, trombone, trumpet harmonica. Jamey Aebersold Artist Play-A-Long, Standards Play-A-Long. One of the greatest contributers to the Great American Songbook, Cole Porter. Level: intermediate, advanced. Book with 2 CDs.
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