Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
TODAY IS
June 23
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Carl Heinrich Carsten Reineke, German composer, conductor and teacher was born in Altona,  Germany (now part of Hamburg) on June 23, 1824.  He was the son of a music teacher in Hamburg.

Reineke started studying music early, his instruments being the violin and the piano.  By the age of 7 he was already composing music.  By the time he was 12 he was already giving performances on the piano.
1776 - Death of English organist and composer Thomas Roseingrave.

1826 - First performance of Anton Webern's Five Orchestral Pieces in Zurich.

1851 - Clarence Eddy, American organist and composer, was born.

1887 - John Finley Williamson, American teacher and conductor, was born. He founded the Westminster Choir School.

1941 - Lena Horne, at age 23, recorded the St. Louis Blues.

1965 - Smokey Robinson & The Miracles released Tracks Of My Tears.

1992 - Luciano Pavarotti went to No.1 on the UK album chart with The Essential Collection
Carl Reinecke
1824-1910
In 1843 Reinecke travelled to Copenhagen with violinist H.W. Ernst as his accompanist.  There he met composer Niels Gade. That Fall he went to Leipzig for the first time, and there met Mendelssohn, violinist Ferdinand David, Hiller and Schumann. Continued touring in North Germany led to Reinecke's appointment as Court Pianist in Denmark in 1846.  He remained there until 1848.  Reineke was greatly influenced by both Mendelssohn and Schumann, and many of Reinecke's compositions reflected this.  his works reflect that influence, particularly "Von der Wiege bis zum Grabe" (From the Cradle to the Grave) op. 202, which he composed in 1888.

During a visit ot Leipzig Reinecke met composer/pianist
Franz Liszt, who advised him to go to Paris.  He did so, and there met Hector Berlioz and Stephen Hiller. In 1851 Hiller invited him to join the staff of the Cologne Music School.  Reinecke worked there for  three years.  Among his students was future composer Max Bruch.  During his time in Cologne, Reinecke became friendly with Brahms and was often a guest of the Schumanns in nearby Düsseldorf. In 1854 he took over the direction of the choral society and concerts in Bremen and during the next five years raised the level of musical activity there, conducting on a number of occasions the Lower Rhineland choral festivals, before leaving in 1859 to spend a year as director of music at the University of Breslau.

In 1860 Reineke was appointed music direstor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra of Leipzig, and professor of composition and piano at the Conservatory.  He managed the Gewandhaus concerts for the next 35 years.  He also remained on staff at the conservatory until 1902, his pupils including, Grieg, Reznicek, Sinding, Sullivan, Svendsen and Weingartner.

When Reinecke retired he turned back to composition.  He died in Leipzig on March 10, 1910.

Reinecke wrote extensively for piano and orchestra, including three symphonies.

June 23, 1814 Adolphe (Antoine Joseph) Sax was born.  He was a musical inventor. Can You Guess what Mr. Sax invented?  Cartoon character Lisa Simpson would know!

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