|Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
|Did You Guess? The psalms were sung in the same language in which they were written, ln Hebrew.|
|Can You Guess?
Below we read of the composition of Chichester Psalms by US composer Leonard Bernstein. They were commissioned for Chichester Cathedral in England. Can You Guess in what language the psalms are sung?
Look at the Bottom of the Page for the Answer.
|Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist, teacher, conductor and composer was born June 7, 1845 in Veszprém, Hungary. He studied the violin in Budapest, Vienna and with Joseph Joachim in Hanover. He settled in St. Petersburg and taught at the conservatoire there from 1868 to 1917.
|1556 - First publication in the Americas by Mexican printer Juan Pablos. The Latin ordinary of the Mass, the first book containing printed music in the New World.
1914 - Marriage of violinist Efram Zimbalist to singer Alma Gluck.
1946 - Birth of American popular singer, and sometime Gilbert and Sullivan soprano, (Pirates of Penzance) Linda Ronstadt.
1962 - Betsy Schramm, US compose, was born.
1965 - Premiere of Leonard Bernstein's Chichester Psalms for chorus and orchestra, commissioned by the Dean of Chichester in England. Bernstein conducting the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
|Professor Auer was the Imperial Court Violinist in Russia under three Czars, and when the Russian revolution swept away the work of a lifetime, he was 73 years of age. Nothing daunted, he resolved to begin all over again, and came to the United States and settled in New York in 1918, where he at once began teaching large classes of pupils who flocked to him there. Notwithstanding his age he even appeared in recitals in New York, Chicago and other cities, playing with the fire of youth and the skill of a master. Eventually he began teaching at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia.
Auer is remembered as one of the most important violin pedagogues. He taught many violinists who would later become famous, including Efrem Zimbalist, Mischa Elman and Jascha Heifetz. A number of composers dedicated pieces to him, though he initially refused to play Tchaikovsky's Violin Concerto, despite being the dedicatee, because he regarded the work as unplayable (however he played the work later in his career).
Auer wrote several works for his instrument, including the Rhapsodie Hongroise for violin and piano. He also wrote a number of cadenzas for other composers' violin concertos including those by Beethoven and Brahms (see Violin Concerto (Beethoven) and Violin Concerto (Brahms)). He also wrote the books Violin Playing as I Teach It (1920) and My Long Life in Music (1923).
Auer died in Loschwitz, a suburb of Dresden, Germany and was interred in the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. – July 15, 1930
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Sheet Music By Leopold Auer
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