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Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students

A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
January 27
Can You Guess?
You have probably sung a song wi
th which Mozart was involved.  And if you are a Suzuki student you undoubtedly know it very well.  Can You Guess what song it is?
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You are listening to the first movement of Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg Austria. He was the youngest and only surviving son of orchestra leader Leopold Mozart (author of A Treatise on the Fundamental Principles of Violin Playing), who was his first teacher.  Wolfgang showed incredible musical ability early. He played the harpsichord by age 4, and wrote his first piano sonata that year.
Wolfgang Amadeus

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Did You Guess?

Variations on Twinkle Twinkle Little Star.
1726 - Premiere of J. S. Bach's Sacred Cantata No. 72 Alles nur nach Gottes Willen

1823 - Birth of French composer Edouard Lalo in Lille.

1918 - Skitch Henderson, band leader and arranger, was born.

1901 - Death of Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi at age 87, in Milan.

1947 - Premiere of Igor Stravinsky's Concerto in D,  (Basler Concerto) for String Orchestra

1961-  Leontyne Price debuted at New York City's Metropolitan Opera as Leonora in Il Trovatore.

1962 - Duke Of Earl, by Gene Chandler, was released.

1967 - Premiere of Leon Kirchner's Quartet No. 3 for strings and electronic tape, by the Beaux Arts Quartet. Won 1967 Pulitzer Prize for Music.

1973 - Love Train, by the O'Jays, was released.

1977 - Birth of American composer Daniel Anthony Baca in Brownsville, TX.
Brotherhood of the Bow
Violinist Tee Shirt
By age 6 he was touring Europe with his father and his immensely talented sister, Maria Anna "Nannerl." The children played for the French and English royal families delighting audiences everywhere with their performances on the harpsichord.  It was at this time that Wolfgang had his first music published and he wrote his earliest symphoniesThey delighted audiences everywhere they went with their harpsichord performances.

They spent 1769 in Salzburg; 1770-73 saw three visits to Italy, where Mozart wrote two operas (Mitridate, Lucio Silla) and a serenata to be performed in Milan.  It was here that Mozart acquainted himself with Italian styles of opera.

Mozart spent 1774 to mid-1777 in Salzburg, where he worked as Konzertmeister at the Prince- Archbishop's court.  His compositions during this period included Masses, symphonies, all ofhis violin concertos, six piano sonatas, several serenades and divertimentos and his piano concerto, K271.

Throughout his childhood, Wolfgang was always in the news and was greatly praised. He knew how special he was, and was unable to keep his opinions to himself about any lesser talents he encountered. He wrote many humorous critiques of  court musicians he met in his travels.  He spent his life looking for a well paying high court job that was certainly his due, but his naive arrogance and impulsive behavior undid him at every turn.

Despite personality flaws we find that Mozart was an enormous talent.  The number of compositions alone is staggering.  There are more than 600 that have been assigned Köchel numbers, and probably countless others produced for local musicians that have never been cataloged, or heard since.  These works cover almost every conceivable type of music produced at the time.  Masses, requiems, litanies, vespers, oratorios, cantatas, operas, stage music, arias with orchestra, songs, symphonies, serenades and divertimenti, piano concerti, violin concerti, concerti for wind instruments, string quartets, string quintets, piano sonatas, piano variations and sonatas for other Instruments are all enumerated.

In spite of the huge amount of work he composed, Mozart died in poverty.  He was buried in an unmarked grave upon his death December 5, 1791.

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