Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
TODAY IS
December 9
What Else
Happened
Today?
At age 12, Joshua met Josef Gingold, who became his teacher.   In 1981 he won the Seventeen Magazine/ General Motors competition. He made his professional orchestral debut at age 14, playing with the Philadelphia Orchestra under the direction of Ricardo Muti. Click Here to see a UPI photo of a rehearsal for that concert.

From there he earned appearances with several orchestras including the Chicago Symphony, New York Philharmonic, Philharmonic Orchestra of London and the London Symphony Orchestra. He has performed under such renowned conductors as Charles Dutoit, James Levine, Franz Welser-Most, Vladimir Ashkenazy and Herbert Blomstedt.

Joshua has had a shining performing and recording career. 
Recent recordings by Bell include
Romance of the Violin and West Side Story Suite (by Bernstein).

Joshua Bell, with a violin named the "Gibson" has become a household name among classical musicians.  Joshua Bell is one of the featured performers in Barry Green's book
The Mastery of Music : Ten Pathways to True Artistry. He is the subject of the chapter on concentration.

Bell plays a violin made by Antonio Stradivari which has been called the "Gibson."  The violin got its name because one of its earliest owners was Alfred Gibson.  It was also played by Bronislaw Huberman.  Interestingly, the instrument was stolen from Huberman not once, but twice!  First in 1919, then again in 1936.  At that time the violin disappeared until 1985 when a former cafe musician confessed that he actually had the instrument.

Bell loves the violin.  “It has incredible tonal quality ... it projects through a hall...it has distinctive, rich overtones...great subtlety and nuance."  Bell loves fine cars, and so it is easy for him to compare the instrument to a car. He says that Guarneri's violins are strong and powerful like a Lamborghini with 12 cylinders.  The more you press it the more it gives.  The Strad, on the other hand, Bell compares with a Porsche, finely crafted with precision engineering.  (Not surprisingly, Bell drives a Porsche.)

This is his third Stradivarius violin.  Asked why he prefers such old instruments, Bell replied, “They sound better. Believe me, if I could spend less to get such glorious sound quality, I would,” he replied. “I basically mortgaged my life away to get this particular Strad.”
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Joshua Bell
1967 - 
Joshua Bell was born in Indiana on December 9, 1967.  We just talked about Bell a few weeks ago, on November 26, so let's review a little and talk about some new things!

Bell acquired an interest in playing the violin at an early age.  His parents gave him his first tiny violin (a 1/16 size instrument) when he was just 4, after they found him picking out tunes on rubber bands stretched across drawer handles. 
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If you have never seen these concerts, you owe it to yourself to get these videos.  Great gifts, and a great donation to your school or public library.
Christmas Ornaments make great gifts for your student or teacher.
Can You Guess?
For years Joshua Bell played a very distinctive violin.
Can You Guess
what made Joshua Bell's instrument so distinctive??
Look at the bottom of the page for the answer.
Johann Georg Pisendel became on the 2nd christmas holiday 1687 as 5th child of the Kantorsfamilie Pisendel in Cadolzburg in means franc born. 

Pisendels father Simon originated a Färberfamilie out of mark new churches in the constable country.  1680 the father applied himself after successful training visit in Nuremberg around vacant places in Cadolzburg, around that of the organist and Kantors and that of the training master.  Simon Pisendel married 26-year-old in January 1681 in long zen the 18 years Cunigunda Züll young baker daughter and mayor daughter out of long zen.  Immediately they pulled after Cadolzburg where yet in November 1681 became its 1st child (Salome) born. 

Johann Georg Pisendel in its parental home experienced the early children years together with his parents and a 3 year of older as well as a 3 year sister of younger.  Father Simon Pisendel, "a special lover of the Music, that all instruments verse deed, has the youth, so desire in addition had" and also its single son Johann Georg prematurely music instruction gives.  "Especially the light lad soprano Johann Georgs pleased and common much joy", also in all kinds of church occasions. 

So "discovered" the at that time castle gentleman Cadolzburgs, mark count Georg Friedrich d. J. of Brandenburg that stream (1694-1703) the large musical talent of the boys because he 1697 again once out of that stream to the visit of the waiter office into its Franconian Hohenzollernburg Cadolzburg and on Sunday early naturally also to the religious service into the old gothic St.-Cäcilien-Kirche came.  "Kantor Simon Pisendel played this Sunday lively on its organ an italiänisches Motett" set for soprano and organ - and be was 9-year-old son Johann Georg the Solo-Sopran..  The pretty lad voice and its Musikalität fell the art ingenious mark count up.  "The mark count found so much pleasure at the skill of the young singer that he included" it at once in his of that streams chapel. 

The 9-year-old Johann Georg Pisendel came 1697 after that stream.  It visited the secondary school where now also its special gift for languages was noticeable.  It recovered of the Kapellmeister Francesco Antonio Pistocchi song instruction, and it became of that for 6 years, to its voice breach when soprano ware of the that streams yard chapel looks after.  In addition Pisendel in that stream of Maistro Guiseppe Torelli violins instruction and composition instruction recovered.  Of 1704-1709, it was therefore a very active Violonist of the that streams yard chapel that stood under the direction of its masterly teacher.

When 1703 mark counts Georg Friedrich d. J died,., Pisendel was able to remain thanks to its large and manifold trained zeal and ability in that stream although the new mark count Wilhelm Friedrich (1703-1723) had to seize immediately entirely urgent savings measures.  First 1709, after 12 years in that stream (1697-1709), opened to can itself the Johann Georg Pisendel old now 21 year to further studies toward Leipzig, not without the markgräfliche assurance, always into the yard chapel rückkehren. 

In Cadolzburg, month died in April 1701 Johann Georg Pisendels mothers after 20 marriage years at the age of 38 years, just three after the birth of its 13th child, that became only a week old.  Into the dead index, the minister wrote at that time 300 years ago literally: "... blessed differently, so Christian, god-fearing, tugendsam, modest, quiet, taken in, listened meek, a very diligent Kirchgängerin so devotional.  With its man Simon Pisendel, Cantoris and organist, one quite peacefully marriage led".  Only 4 of its 13 children survived the mother.  Your single son Johann Georg was straight 13 years old when it died.  Father Simon Pisendel marries 1702 again, namely the minister daughter Johanna Elisabetha tavern out of Bürglein in Heilsbronn.  Yet 7 further Pisendel-children originate this 2nd marriage whereby however only 3 girls survived the infant age. 

The young musician interrupted the trip Johann Georg Pisendels of that stream to Leipzig in the year 1709 for short time in Weimar, for he sought and found there the acquaintance with Johann Sebastian stream that functioned at the Weimarer yard to this time as an organist. 

In Leipzig, Pisendel let matriculate itself to be sure immediately at the University of Leipzig, sought however obviously a yet more promising continued education, than a violinist in the "Collegio Musico" under the direction of Georg Philipp Telemann. 

Did as a Pisendel, shortly after its arrival in Leipzig, 1709, that "Collegio Musico" before game have, it became idol verspöttelt after contemporary reports first of all obviously only after its clothing of a member by the name of: "what the Pürschlein wants yet here?  Yes, yes, that becomes us what right before violins..  Pisendel put on indeß its Concert, which was of its that streams master TORELLI.  And hardly Pisendel had begun to play the first solo, saw it idol full admiration on.  The Adagio influenced but yet more idol: that tore itself its Perüque of the head, threw it on the ground, was able to await hardly the end of the Violinsolos in order to embrace then Pisendeln before charming and to assure it its respect."  Immediately Pisendel was engaged as violin masterly of the Collegio Musico. 

Leipzig was, at least to this time, the German high castle for music.  The names Corelli, Torelli, Vivaldi and Albinoni were there in all mouths.  "That previously sooner französiche music type changed itself with blinding effects, presentation manner and form peculiarity.  What the other German violinists marveled arrived, when the first of this Vivaldischen Violinkonzerte out of Leipzig". 

In Leipzig, Pisendel recovered two special invitations at the yards to Hesse-Darmstadt in order to direct a Graupner-opera einzustudiern and and after Eisenach where now its friend Georg Philipp Telemann yard-Kapellmeister was.  That for Pisendel however all decisive call to Dresden Hofkapellmeister Volumier, that 1711 in Leipzig Pisendels virtuosity perceived, came of that Dresden.  It made to change Pisendel immediately a good offer as a "Violiste and Cammer Musicus" at that Dresden yard chapel.  End 1711 supposed Pisendel this offer.  In that Dresden yard chapel he worked himself quickly to the "first Violisti" highly.  It became famous through the tact bandage Violinhaltung and the severe stroke leadership of the Violinbogens.  Quantz wrote "the renown of the Dresdener yard chapel established itself to a large degree on these upbringing working of Johann Georg Pisendel..." at that time as a contemporary, composer, author and pipe that Dresden yard chapel. 

Johann Georg Pisendel concert master of the yard chapel Dresden becomes 1728 and remains this for 27 years, to its death  1755.
1728 - Birth of Italian composer Pietro Guglielmi in Tuscani.

1752 - Leopold Kozeluh who followed Mozart as court composer in Prague, was born.

1864
- Sidney Homer, US song composer, was born.

1905 - First performance of Richard Strauss's one-act opera Salome from story by Oscar Wilde.  First use of the heckelphone.   Click HERE to hear a sample of a trio featuring a piano, a viola and a heckelphone and HERE to see a picture of one.

1942 - Premiere of Aaron Copland's Danzón Cubano for Two Pianos played by the composer and Leonard Bernstein.

1957 - Donny Osmond is born in Ogden, Utah.

1972 - Elton John's Crocodile Rock is released

1988 - Roy Orbison, rocker (Oh Pretty Woman), died  at age 52

2003 - Concert by The Iraqi National Symphony Orchestra, Mohammed Amin Ezzat, conductor and the National Symphony Orchestra Leonard Slatkin, conductor with Guest Soloist Yo-Yo Ma, cello at Kennedy Center, Washington, DC.
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High School Musical (Violin) - sheet music at www.sheetmusicplus.com
High School Musical (Violin) (for Violin Instrumental Play-Along Pack) Book & CD Package for violin. Series: Hal Leonard Instrumental Folio. 24 pages. Published by Hal Leonard. (HL.842128)
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A Fiddling Christmas - sheet music at www.sheetmusicplus.com
A Fiddling Christmas Written by Craig Duncan. Violin solo book for fiddle and piano accompaniment. With solo part, standard notation, bowings, chord names and piano accompaniment. 106 pages. Published by Mel Bay Publications, Inc. (MB.96466)
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Did You Guess?
Although he currrently plays a Stradivarius violin called the "Gibson," for years Joshua Bell played
a violin shaped like a guitar.  Look carefully at the corners of the violin on the photo below.
A Scottish Christmas
Bonnie Rideout's GREAT Christmas Album.  The
CD Alone, or the CD/Sheet Music Set
Bonnie Rideout, Scottish Christmas