|Today in Music History
A Daily Look at Music History For Violin Students
A Look at What Happened on Today's Date
Long, Long Ago . . . Or Maybe Just Last Year
|Can You Guess?
Emile Berliner becamer interested in flight later in his life and started working on another invention. The Wright Brothers invented the airplane in 1903. Can You Guess what flight related invention Berliner worked on?
Look at the Bottom of the Page for the Answer.
|Emile Berliner, the inventor of the gramophone, died August 3, 1929 at age 78.
Berliner was born in Wolfenbuttel, near Hanover, Germany May 20, 1851. His family included 10 children. He left school in 1865 and worked in a textile shop. There he was able to use his first invention, a power loom. then emigrated to the United States in 1870, and he worked in a dry goods store in Washington, DC, but was always interested in tinkering and inventing.
|In the summer of 1876, Berliner attended an exhibition in Philadelphia celebrating the 100th anniversary of the American Revolution. There he saw Alexander Graham Bellís first telephone. Unfortunately, during the demonstration the transmitted message was not clear. Although the telephon'e receiver was adequate, it needed a better transmitter.
Berliner set up an electrical lab in his apartment and started experiments to try to build a better transmitter for the telephone to improve its sound quality. In 1876 he developed a microphone. Bell was impressed and hired Berliner. Berliner worked with the American Bell Telephone Company for six years.
Sound and electricity continued to fascinate him, and Berliner began work on a device to reproduce sound in 1886. In 1887 he patented the gramophone, which played back sounds recorded on flat disks of celluloid. The disks would later be made of hardened rubber and then several other substances. In 1888 Berliner gave a successful lecture-demonstration at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. The first machines were hand cranked, later motors were added to provide easier and more reliable and consistent operation. Throughout the 1890s Berliner improved his invention and was involved in several companies to produce them
Records, tapes, CD's and DVD's are all descendants of the gramophone. Actually descendents of the gramophone.
|1778 - Milan's La Scala Opera House opened. The first performance was the premiere of Antonio Salieri's opera Europa Riconosciuta 'Europe Rewarded'.
1823 - Francisco Barbier, Spanish zarzuela composer, was born in Madrid.
1902 - David Buttolph Jr., US composer, was born in NYC.
1921 - Alec Wynton., English composer, was born.
1941 - Premiere of Robert Russell Bennett's Symphony in D For the Dodgers in NYC.
1963 - The Beach Boys released Surfer Girl.
1963 - Allan Sherman released Hello Muddah, Hello Faddah. (Anyone who has ever been to summer camp, sent a child to summer camp or been homesick NEEDS to hear this song.)
1971 - Paul McCartney announced the formation of his new band Wings.
2004 - Premiere of Clarice Assad's Violin Concerto. Nadja Solerno-Sonnenberg, violin. Marin Alsop, conducting Cabrillo Festival Orchestra, Santa Cruz, CA.
|Berliner was also very involved in work in several other fields. He did a great deal of work in the field of health care. Berliner was also a developer of the accoustic tile.
Berliner died August 3, 1929
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|Did You Guess?
Emile Berliner and his son developed a helicopter.
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|An Electronic Tuner can be a great help, and Intellitouch tuners are wonderful. They sense the tone by the vibration of your instrument rather than through the air, so you can tune in a room FULL of other instruments without any trouble. Shown here on a guitar, mine works just fine on my violin!|